Harmonia Activity – Gender Equality and Social Inclusion (GESI) Analysis

Publication Date:

Dec 2020


Wild K, Ingham X, Amir L, Thompson S, Fernades E, Wohlman A (2020) Harmonia – Communities ending gender-based violence. Gender Equality and Social Inclusion (GESI) Analysis. Washington: Health Alliance International


Violence against women and children is extremely prevalent in Timor-Leste, with 47% of women experiencing domestic violence from their partner in the past 12 months.7 This violence impacts all areas of women and children’s lives, affects the wellbeing of whole communities and stifles the development of the nation. The Harmonia Activity will engage with communities and the health system in two municipalities, Ermera and Liquica, to address the underlying contributors to gender-based violence (GBV), plan and conduct community-led initiatives to address GBV, and improve the ability of community leaders and family members to be able to support survivors of violence.

This report presents findings of a Gender Equality and Social Inclusion (GESI) Analysis in relation to the Harmonia Activity focused on ending GBV in Timor-Leste from a national and municipal level perspective. The GESI Analysis aims to improve understanding of the drivers of gender inequality and gender-based violence so that these underlying causes can be addressed within Harmonia activities. The social inclusion analysis sheds light on which people are more likely to be systematically excluded from social life and accessing services and explores their heightened risk of being subjected to violence. The analysis generates practical insights for the content of planned activities and outlines how to improve conditions for equality and inclusion while also applying “do-no-harm” and non-discrimination principles.

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