03 Jul 2012
Gantt S, Payant R, Carlsson J, Micek MA, Blanco AJ, Beck IA, Matunha L, Montoya P, Matediana E, Gloyd S, Frenkel LM (2012) Nevirapine-Resistant HIV-1 DNA in Breast Milk After Single-Dose Nevirapine With or Without Zidovudine for Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission. Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Among 30 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)–infected women who received single-dose nevirapine (NVP), 17 (57%) had NVP-resistant HIV-1 detected in breast milk. NVP resistance in breast milk persisted for at least 8 months postpartum and was apparently transmitted to at least 1 infant. NVP resistance was detected less often in women who also received zidovudine.