Optimizing treatment cascades for mental healthcare in Mozambique: preliminary effectiveness of the Systems Analysis and Improvement Approach for Mental Health (SAIA-MH)

Publication Date:

22 Nov 2020

Citation:

Fabian KE, Muanido A, Cumbe VFJ, Manaca N, Hicks L, Weiner BJ, et al. (2020). Optimizing treatment cascades for mental healthcare in Mozambique: preliminary effectiveness of the Systems Analysis and Improvement Approach for Mental Health (SAIA-MH). Health Policy Plan. czaa(149). doi: 10.1093/heapol/czaa114

Abstract

Substantial investments are being made to scale-up access to mental healthcare in low- and middle-income countries, but less attention has been paid to quality and performance of nascent public-sector mental healthcare systems. This study tested the initial effectiveness of an implementation strategy to optimize routine outpatient mental healthcare cascade performance in Mozambique [the Systems Analysis and Improvement Approach for Mental Health (SAIA-MH)]. This study employed a pre–post design from September 2018 to August 2019 across four Ministry of Health clinics among 810 patients and 3234 outpatient mental health visits. Effectiveness outcomes evaluated progression through the care cascade, including: (1) initial diagnosis and medication selection; (2) enrolling in follow-up care; (3) returning after initial consultation within 60 days; (4) returning for follow-up visits on time; (5) returning for follow-up visits adherent to medication and (6) achieving function improvement. Clustered generalized linear models evaluated odds of completing cascade steps pre- vs post-intervention. Facilities prioritized improvements focused on the follow-up cascade, with 62.5% (10 of 16) monthly system modifications targeting medication adherence. At baseline, only 4.2% of patient visits achieved function improvement; during the 6 months of SAIA-MH implementation, this improved to 13.1% of patient visits. Multilevel logistic regression found increased odds of returning on time and adherent [aOR = 1.53, 95% CI (1.21, 1.94), P = 0.0004] and returning on time, adherent and with function improvement [aOR = 3.68, 95% CI (2.57, 5.44), P < 0.0001] after SAIA-MH implementation. No significant differences were observed regarding other cascade steps. The SAIA-MH implementation strategy shows promise for rapidly and significantly improving mental healthcare cascade outcomes, including the ultimate goal of patient function improvement. Given poor baseline mental healthcare cascade performance, there is an urgent need for evidence-based implementation strategies to optimize the performance of mental healthcare cascades in low- and middle-income countries.

Read the Full Article

HAI’s Transition 2021

HAI has transitioned our global operations and active programs to the local NGOs CSM (Mozambique) and HAMNASA (Timor-Leste). Learn more using the buttons below

Why Transition?

Learn about CSM

Learn about HAMNASA

Stand with HAI

Stand with HAI

Our Mission

Our mission is to promote policies and support programs that strengthen government primary health care and foster social, economic, and health equity for all. Our vision is a just world that promotes health and well-being, including universal access to quality health care.

Our History

Health Alliance International began in 1987 as a US-based international solidarity organization committed to supporting the public sector provision of health care for all.  Over 35 years, HAI conducted programs in 17 countries, with flagship programs in Mozambique, Côte d'Ivoire, and Timor-Leste.

Our Evolution

In line with HAI’s commitment to support and strengthen local public health leadership, as of October 2021, HAI fully transitioned global operations and active programs to locally-based, locally-led NGOs. Learn more about this shift toward local autonomy and equity in global health.

Didn't find what you were looking for?

Didn't find what you were looking for?